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An orange robotic machine.
Date Taken:
December 11, 2008
Photograph By:
Liz Kauffman, NSF

Scientists at the University of Illinois at Chicago, along with Stone Aerospace, have developed an autonomous underwater vehicle to explore the ice-covered lakes in the McMurdo Dry Valleys. The ENDURANCE (Environmentally Non-Disturbing Under-ice Robotic Antarctic Explorer) can measure temperature, electrical conductivity, ambient light, chlorophyll and other biogeochemical information.The vehicle was used in Lake Bonney during the 2008-2009 austral summer research season. For more information, visit

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